Simple signs not seen as illness.

  • Nausea and vomiting between the first and twelfth week. This is generally attributed to hormonal changes.
  • Frequent Urination within the first three months due to the development of the uterus that exerts pressure on the urinary bladder.
  • The load on the heart increases with the progress of pregnancy. Increase in weight increases heart load. The heart beats 10 times more than normal.
  • Some women experience a burning sensation in the chest. The gas tends to exert pressure on the intestines, diaphragm and the chest.
  • Tiredness is very common during the first three months of pregnancy but decreases in subsequent months
  • Developing peculiar taste: She may feel a desire for starchy foods, clay, ice etc. They tend to have much salivation due to much intake of starchy foods.
  • Mental tension and depression: they are easily provoked to anger, burst in tears etc under any minor inconvenience.
  • Constipation due to excess intake of medicines containing iron and foetus press on the intestines.
  • Occasional swelling of the joints of arms and legs. The blood increases in volume by about 50% and becomes thinner.
  • Some women experience piles during pregnancy.
  • Backache in the lower part of the backbone is quite common

Consult a Doctor as soon as possible  in these cases;

  • Bleeding in first eight weeks; miscarriage can occur
  • Constant recurring pain in abdomen.
  • Increase in BP with consequent burning sensation in eye and headache.
  • Frequent urination with pains (kidney infection)
  • Swelling of the feet and joints of fingers
  • High rise of temperature

Development of the body depends on the diet of the mother.

The mother;

  • Should eat to meet Nutritional requirement
  • Should eat to prevent anemia which may lead to complications at delivery
  • Sesame seed, Green leafy vegetables, whole meal, folic acid(medicine)
  • 300 additional calories needed as recommended by food and nutrition board daily
  • Note – If not the little protein will be used up
  • Should be taking water frequently


What Peculiar Nutrients are needed and Why.


For the development of the uterus and the breast. About 50-60 g of protein should be taken daily. Examples of protein foods: milk, egg, pulse (neri) fruits, meat, fish, cheese.


For Protection and healing. Examples: Fruits and vegetables (carrots)

Folic Acid (medication is the best)


It checks anemia .High need of Iron 10mg over and above normal supply; 100mg of Iron capsule a day

Note: It is not required at the first four months.

Example: Green leafy vegetables, sesame seed, soya beans, fish, meat, mangoes, egg, liver

Note: Iron tablets and Folic acid are supplied at the hospitals/Family planning Centre


It helps the development of the body, bones teeth etc.

Note: Overall development suffers due to lack of calcium.

Foods: milk, pulse butter, cheese, meat, soup, mushroom, moringa.


Checks excessive and prolonged vomiting

Foods: Fresh fruits, potatoes, garlic, meat


It strengthens the teeth of the baby. It is needed daily

Foods: Carrot, milk, tomatoes, salt, cabbages, egg


It helps prevent mental retardation of the baby in the womb. It also prevents loss of elements from the body.

Foods: sea foods (fish), green leafy vegetables


Retards the development of the baby, delay healing of cuts/wounds, skin diseases and non development of the body of the baby

Medication recommended

Daily diet


Fruits, pulses (werewere), meat, eggs, bread, milk, soya tea.

Mid- day

Rice ,pulse soup,vegetables,fruits,egg,fish,cheese,bread,meat,fish,chicken/fufu/banku


Vegetable, milk, fruit, meat, fish, fufu/banku, soup etc


  • Highly spiced food
  • Pineapple (very ripped)
  • Coffee, alcohol


DF Nutrition Clinic

Location:  Adjacent NHIS office, Berekum

Contact:  +233208713438


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